Shurite Bujutsu-Kai Programs

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Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu/Bu-Jutsu

Origins and Development of Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu/Bujutsu

Our style of Ju-Jutsu/Bujutsu (science and skill of softness) is a complete martial arts system emphasizing entering, trapping, striking, joint locking, throwing/takedowns, grappling, choking, immobilizing, pressure points, vital-point striking methods, weapons and internal energy development. Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu is an eclectic martial arts system, with strong influences from the training methods and fundamentals of Shuri-Ryu Karatedo (Ridgely Abele) and Shinto-Yoshin-Kai Ju-Jutsu (Dr.Steven Roensch). Many of the principles, techniques and theories were cultivated from several traditional martial arts systems from Okinawa, Japan, China and Indonesia. Some of these martial systems are Okinawa Kempo, Shorin-ryu, Goju-Ryu, Aikido, Hakko-Ryu, Judo, Baguazhang, Xingyiquan, Taijiquan, Kuntao and Silat.


Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu is an officially recognized style of Ju-Jutsu by the United States Ju-Jitsu Federation which is the (NGB) National Governing Body for Ju-Jitsu in the United States of America. The original purpose and goal for the development of Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu was a training method to support and aid the study of the 9-moving forces within Shuri-Ryu Karate kihon (see about). Now Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu has developed and grown beyond its original purpose into a full and complete martial arts system. Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu is now being practiced and taught throughout the United States, Canada, Europe, and South America.


16-Performance Categories of Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu/Bujutsu:

  1. Ukemi (art of falling)
  2. Tachi (stances), Ashi-sabaki (foot work), Tai-sabaki (avoiding)
  3. Uke-Waza (blocking), Redirecting, Entering, Trapping
  4. Atemi-Waza (vital striking techniques), Uchi-no-Kata (forms of striking), Kyusho-Jutsu
  5. Hazushi (releases)
  6. Kansetsu-Waza (joint bending techniques)
  7. Te-Waza and Chin-Na (seizing and controlling techniques)
  8. Otoshi-Waza (takedown techniques)
  9. Nage-Waza (throwing techniques)
  10. Katame-Waza (kansetsu, osae komi & ne-waza) (ground fighting techniques)
  11. Shime-Waza (strangulation techniques)
  12. Goshin-Jutsu-Kata (forms of self defense)
  13. Kata-Kumite (form fighting), Jiyu-Renshu (free style training), Problem Solving
  14. Randori (jiyu-kumite & taninju-dori) (free-fighting with one or several opponents)
  15. Kaeshi-Waza (transitioning and countering techniques)
  16. Qigong (internal energy development), Kokyu Chikara (breath power), Bokken and Jo (weapons training wooden sword & short staff)


Some Characteristics/Principles of Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu/Bujutsu:

  • Relax during execution of technique ("active relaxation" or tone--not tension)
  • Avoid head-on forces, blend and redirect ("kawashi")
  • Tactile acuity emphasized over visual acuity
  • Flexible mind and body (the ability to adjust or change at any point during execution of technique)
  • Continuous motion "flow"
  • Relaxed grip: when grabbing or controlling (use active relaxation), if the grip is too tight or rigid there is a reduction in wrist flexibility, sensitivity and control.
  • Move through your center (hold one point), all techniques are hara supported
  • Proper posture through musculo-skeletal alignment to achieve maximum effectiveness
  • Control and/or direct through use of mental and physical projection
  • Expand or contract physical presence and/or space
  • Eight directions of kuzushi: angles of strength: 90 degree; angles of weakness: 45 & 22.5 degree
  • Utilization of 22.5 degree angles when throwing
  • Always using multiple stimuli
  • When applying technique control the opponent’s center and musculo-skeletal alignment
  • Attack the spine (control the opponent by altering the integrity of the spine)
  • Physically and mentally change your opponent’s posture (alter its integrity), you will control the opponent’s balance and center
  • Exhale during execution of technique (kokyu chikara)
  • When throwing move in a wave like pattern (down-up/out-down), down precedes up (use of ground reaction forces),
  • Overcoming force through active relaxation, redirection and tactile acuity (move over, under or around the opponent’s power/force)
  • All techniques preceded by kuzushi
  • Four elements of Goshin-Jutsu-Kata; stop-shock-takedown-control
  • Every technique has a counter
  • Utilization of yin & yang theory and kyusho-jutsu
  • All techniques quantifiable through laws of physics and knowledge of anatomy

  

For additional information about Shuri-Te Ju-Jutsu/Bujutsu

Contact: Troy J. Price

troy@troysbudo.com


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Combative Flow Training System

Combative Flow: (more information coming soon

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Shuri-Ryu Karatedo

Techniques and Training Methods of Shuri-Ryu Karate:

In addition to the blocks, punches, kicks and footwork of karate, Shuri-ryu also incorporates joint locks, take-downs, throws, and weapons (kobudo). Shuri-ryu also has several short self-defense forms and combinations. These include: 26-Ippons (ippon kumite kata), which are performed to develop power and mental focus; 10-Taezus (taezu naru waza) which are performed to develop speed and fluidity; 30-Kihons (kihon kumite kata) which are performed to develop form and fighting technique; and 8-Sente exercises. Additional training exercises including form sparring (kata kumite), focus stance sparring (kime dachi kumite), free exercise (jiju undo), and free sparring (jiju kumite).


Kata of Shuri-Ryu

Shuri-ryu has three form exercises Taikyoku Ichi, Ni, and San, to prepare the student to learn kata.
Kata List: Wansu, Anaku, Naihanchi Sho, Sanchin, Tsue Sho No Kon (bo kata), Empi Sho, Bassai Dai, Go Pei Sho, Dan Enn Sho, Naihanchi Ni, Kanku Sho, Nan Dan Sho, Naihanchi San, Tekatana (sai kata), Ten Sho, Shudo So, and five each Hakutsuru (White Crane forms).


The 9-Moving Forces within Shuri-Ryu Karate Kihon

  1. Striking vital or paralyzing points (atemi-waza & kyusho-Jutsu)
  2. Applied pressure (appaku) applying pressure to the kyusho points
  3. Joint bending, locking, twisting and stretching (kansetsu-waza)
  4. Throwing, sweeping and takedowns (nage-waza, ashi-barai & otoshi-waza)
  5. Choking & strangulation methods (shime-waza)
  6. Controlling, holding, pinning, and grappling (katame-waza, osae-komi-waza, ne-waza)
  7. Counters to all the above (kaeshi-waza)
  8. Breathe control & power (kokyu chikara) developing internal force/energy (ki/qi)
  9. Absorbing and controlling pain


Origins and Development of Shuri-Ryu

Shuri-ryu karate is an eclectic martial arts system, developed by the martial arts pioneer Robert Trias, the first westerner to teach karate in the United States in Phoenix, Arizona 1945. He opened the first karate school in the nation in 1946 and formed the first karate organization in 1948, the United States Karate Association. Other styles of karate related to the Trias-line are Shorei-Goju-Ryu and Shorei-Ryu. The style of Shuri-ryu is taught and is especially prevalent in the United States, parts of Europe, and South America.


The roots of Shuri-Ryu are from Okinawa and China, especially in the Shuri-Te karate of Ankoh Itosu and Choki Motobu and the Hsing Yi Chuan of Tung Gee Hsing. Robert Trias, the style’s founder, trained with Tung Gee Hsing, who had cross-trained with Choki Motobu earlier in the Okinawan village of Kume Mura. Tung Gee Hsing taught Trias Hsing Yi and Shuri Karate Kempo. Later Trias studied with Hoy Yuan Ping, Gogen Yamaguchi, Roy Oshiro and several other teachers.


Robert A. Trias was also mentored by Yasuhiro Konishi and Makoto Gima. In 1964 Konishi awarded Trias with 9th Dan. Konishi was a prominent student of both Choki Motobu and Gichin Funakoshi. Gima was a prominent student of Funakoshi and awarded Trias the 10th Dan in 1983. Both, Konishi and Gima helped Trias reconstruct the old Shuri-Te system of karate with some modifications, hence a new name for the system was designated Shuri-Ryu. Shuri-Ryu also incorporated some Naha katas and methods. Historically Robert Trias continued to go to Okinawa, Japan and China for over 30 years, making trips to visit dojos and converse with the masters of the time. Mr. Trias skill was to see A and B and then make C which was better than A or B. Mr. Trias was not restricted by the style.


For additional information about Shuri-Ryu Karatedo

Hanshi Robert Bowles, ISA

www.shuri-ryu.com

  

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Karate-Jutsu, Karate-do & Kempo Karate

Karate (more Information coming soon)

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KobuJutsu/Kobudo

Kobujutsu more Information coming soo

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Ba Gua Zhang & Xing-Yi Quan

Ba Gua Zhang and Xing-Yi Quan: Brief Description, Background, and Some Martial Principles

(Modified from the Academic Training Traditions Website, Copyright © 2015 Paul J. Cote) www.academictrainingtraditions.com


These arts rose to prominence in China between in the mid-1700’s and the mid-1800’s (xingyi is maybe 100 years older than bagua). Xing-Yi Quan (Form of Mind Fist [or Mind Formed Boxing]) is a complete health and fighting system derived from 5 element theory. It is a straight forward martial art, but very profound at the same time. Xingyiquan consists of linear martial actions that conceal powerful spiral and shearing energies, which are applied as rolling actions, mainly in the vertical plane. Baguazhang (Eight Trigram Palm) is a complete health and fighting system based on the concept of change put forth in the Chinese classic, the Yi-Jing. Baguazhang is perhaps the most mysterious of all Chinese martial arts, from its obscure origins and unique practice of "walking a circle", to the many concealed tactical applications involving the open palm and circular turning methods.


Xingyiquan, baguazhang, and taijiquan comprise the ‘internal family’ (nei jia) of Chinese martial arts. These arts are based more on Daoist principles than on Shaolin Buddhism. However, many early masters of these styles also had prior experience with Shaolin martial arts. The exact origins of xing-yi quan are unknown. It seemed to emerge and blossom in mid-1700’s the countryside of Hebei and Shanxi provinces from older precursor arts (e.g. Xin Yi Quan, ‘heart mind boxing’; Ba Fan Shou, ‘eight overturning hands’). Xingyiquan became more prominent as some of the second and third generation masters made their way to Beijing in the mid-1800’s and interacted with other martial artists. Bagua came to prominence in Beijing by the 1860’s via its recognized founder, Dong Haichuan, and his two main students, Yin Fu and Cheng Tinghua. Dong’s signature influence on martial arts principle, qigong, training, and delivery of applications was in the methods of ‘walking and turning on a circle’ and ‘changing palms while walking and turning’. The first xingyi masters of note from early generations included Li Luoneng, Che Yizhai, Liu Qilan, and Guo Yunshen. Guo did interact with Dong Haichuan in Beijing. By the late-1800's, xingyi and bagua were often passed on together among the next generations of practitioners. Taijiquan is another separate topic.


These two distinct, but related arts may have come about from a fusion of pugilistic methods of the day with Daoist energy and meditiation practices (qigong). This included certain stepping methods used in Daoist rituals such as 7-star step, paces of Yu, circle walking, and 9-gate walking. These ‘lively’ stepping actions differ from typical classical martial art stances and stance transitions, even those used in other Chinese arts, including taijiquan! The stepping (bu fa), combined with body methods (shen fa), hand methods (shou fa), and centering (qigong), creates a unique means to develop internal feeling for issuing power and countering that of an opponent. The special emphasis on stepping in these arts creates exceptional delivery methods for many commonly held martial techniques and more. Chinese arts tend to refrain from dual ‘ground wrestling’, but it is known. Throws and takedowns are ‘one-sided’ in old Chinese wrestling (shuai jiao) so as to remain on one’s feet. Deep leg squatting with feet flat on the ground (still standing!) includes ‘groundwork’ applications. Some standing combative actions (e.g., from stepping) may translate also into ground actions.


Xingyiquan is built first on practice of the three essentials posture (san ti shi) and the 5-elements fists (wu xing quan). Progress is through three stages of obvious power (ming jin), concealed power (an jin), and power dissolved into the whole body (hua jin). The internal emphasis in xing-yi involves an attentive mind to follow the body movements while remaining centered, and with root maintained in the feet and legs. With advancement, one can generate relaxed but powerful movements for self-defense, instantaneously, as a thought (i.e., mind-formed). So xingyi uses hair-trigger, explosive movements, driven by the mind and rooted stepping, and ranging from large-to-small. Its main strategy involves the use of advantageous angles for both defense and attack, culminating in rapid entry to occupy the opponent's space. Its main core actions are rise-drill and fall-overturn (qi-zuan and lo-fan).


Baguazhang is built first upon mindful attention to basic circle walking using fixed palm postures (ding shi). It then moves to smooth turning on the circle with single and double palm changes (dong shi), whose footwork and palm patterns are common to all bagua systems. The above practices develop the stepping, turning, and palm variations needed to understand "change" (bian shi), and how and when it should be applied. The internal emphasis in circular bagua is on smooth change, along a curved path, in the horizontal plane, driven by precise and well-rooted footwork. The walking and changing generate centrifugal and centripetal power for techniques applied during the turning and shifting of body position. Power generation and tactical understanding can be augmented further through advanced walking practices (e.g., 9-gate), 'swimming body’ methods (e.g., yu shen fa), and various straight line solo form sets and two-person drills. In applications, principles like 'attract-and-evade' and 'repel-and-follow' take control of the opponent's center and create openings. Other tactical ideas embody its core actions to 'walk-pierce-twist-overturn' (zou-chuan-ning-fan).


Training in xingyiquan and baguazhang confer robust health and a profound awareness because of explicit emphasis on use of an attentive mind (i.e., a qigong factor). Practice of xingyi develops a sure-footed root in the feet that generates tremendous leg power and builds in an explosive whole body method for driving the techniques. Practice of baguazhang also develops a sure-footed root, and includes deft stepping skills that enable evasion, turning, and repositioning, along with building whole body method for driving the techniques. Movements in xingyiquan and baguazhang are permeated with highly effective and efficient self-defense methods. Many basic martial techniques used in these arts are like those used in other martial systems, but the ‘delivery’ methods differ. The stepping lends to efficient delivery systems for the various martial techniques. Martial applications in Chinese arts can be classified in various terms. In the Zong Yin Tang school, we use 'dian, da, shuai, na' (i.e., precise vital point manipulation [light or heavy], heavy striking, throwing and pushing [project and eject], locking and seizing [grabbing and hooking, etc]) (more on this later). Each of these expands into specific methods of impacting and seizing for attack, preventive defense, and counters.

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Taijiquan

Taijiquan (more information coming soon)



 

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Kyusho-Jutsu

Kyusho-Jutsu: (more information coming soon)

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Filipino Martial Arts

Filipino Martial Arts (more information coming soon)

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Chin-Na

Chin-Na: (more information coming soon)

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Judo

Judo (the gentle way) or (yielding way)

Judo is a martial art that was born in Japan and is now known around the world as an Olympic sport, which debuted in 1964. Judo was created by Dr. Jigaro Kano (The father of Judo) and was established in 1882. Mastering several styles of jujutsu including Kito-Ryu and Tenjin-Shinto Ryu. In his youth Dr. Kano began to develop his own system based on sport. 


The Kito-Ryu school training emphasis was Nage-Waza (Throwing techniques). Back in their day the techniques were done in full armor and focused on throwing your opponent to the ground. Such training was done from the Samurai way of battle in full armor. The Tenjin-Shinyo Ryu emphasis was striking (Atemi -Waza), choking (Shime -Waza) and joint or bone bending (Kansetsu-Waza). Dr. Kano eliminated some of the traditional jujutsu techniques and changed the methods of training so that most of the moves could be done with full force to create a decisive victory without injury to oneself.


Judo is best known for its high energy and high spectacular throwing techniques (Nage-Waza). Judo also involves considerable ground work or grappling techniques (Katame -Waza), specializing in pins (Osae Komi-Waza) and chokes (Shime-Waza). Judo is a individual sport in which there are weight, age and gender categories. The basis for Judo is to use your opponents energy or movement to create or enhance the breaking of his or hers Kuzushi (Off-balance) and with one decisive throw win by Ippon. A Ippon is when you throw your opponent and he or she lands squarely on their backs with considerable force and speed. There are other ways of winning with scores of Waza-ari (almost Ippon or half point) two Waza-ari equals a Ippon. Also there is Yuko (almost Waza-ari). Also you can win a Judo match by maintaining a pin (Osae Komi) for 25-seconds or by submission.


All Judo techniques (Waza) are divided into these groups. 

1. Throwing techniques (Nage-Waza)

2. Standing techniques (Tachi-Waza)

3. Sacrifice techniques (Sutemi-Waza)

4. Back sacrifice techniques (Ma-Sutemi-Waza) 

5. Side sacrifice techniques (Yoko-Sutemi-Waza) 

6. Grappling techniques (Katame-Waza) 

7. Pinning techniques (Osaekomi-Waza) 

8. Choking techniques ( Shime-Waza) 

9. Joint locking techniques (Kansetsu-Waza) 

10. Hand techniques (Te-Waza) 

11. Foot techniques (Ashi-Waza) 

12. Hip techniques (Koshi-Waza)


There are 3 components that make up Nage-Waza (Throws) 

1. Kuzushi (Off-balancing) 

2. Tskuri (Fitting in) 

3. Kake (Finish or execution of throw)


67 Nage-Waza (Throws of Judo)

Dai Ikkyo:

1. Deashi Hari

2. Hiza Guruma

3. Sasae Tsurikomi Ashi

4. Uki Goshi

5. Osoto Gari

6. O Goshi

7. Ouchi Gari

8. Seoi Nage


Dai Nikyo:

1. Kosoto Gari

2. Kouchi Gari

3. Koshi Guruma

4. Tsurikomi Goshi

5. Okuriashi Harai

6. Tai Otoshi

7. Harai Goshi

8. Uchi Mata


Sankyo:

1. Kosoto Gake

2. Tsuri Goshi

3. Yoko Otoshi

4. Ashi Guruma

5. Hane Goshi

6. Harai Tsurikomi Ashi

7. Tomoe Nage

8. Kata Guruma


Yonkyo:

1. Sumi Gaeshi

2. Tani Otoshi

3. Hane Makikomi

4. Sukui Nage

5. Utsuri Goshi

6. O Guruma

7. Soto Makikomi

8. Uki Otoshi


Gokyo:

1. Osoto Guruma

2. Uki Waza

3. Yoko Wakare

4. Yoko Guruma

5. Ushiro Goshi

6. Ura Nage

7. Sumi Otoshi

8. Yoko Gake


Habukareta Waza:

1. Obi Otoshi

2. Seoi Otoshi

3. Yama Arashi

4. Osoto Otoshi

5. Daki Wakare

6. Hikikomi Gaeshi

7. Tawara Gaeshi

8. Uchi Makikomi


Shinmeisho No Waza

1. Morote Gari

2. Kuchiki Taoshi 

3. Kibisu Gaeshi

4. Uchi Mata Sukashi

5. Daki Age

6. Tsubame Gaeshi

7. Kouchi Gaeshi

8. Ouchi Gaeshi

9. Osoto Gaeshi

10. Harai Goshi Gaeshi

11. Uchi Mata Gaeshi

12. Hane Goshi Gaeshi

13. Kani Basami

14. Osoto Makikomi

15. Kawazu Gake

16. Harai Makikomi

17. Uchi Mata Makikomi

18. Sode Tsurikomi Goshi

19. Ippon Seoinage


29 Katame-Waza (Grappling Techniques of Judo)

Osaekomi-waza (Pins / Mat Holds)

  1. Kuzure-kesa-gatame
  2. Kata-gatame
  3. Kami-shiho-gatame
  4. Kuzure-kami-shiho-gatame
  5. Yoko-shiho-gatame
  6. Tate-shiho-gatame
  7. Kesa-gatame
  8. Uki-gatame
  9. Ura-gatame
  10. Ushiro-kesa-gatame

Shimewaza (Chokes/Strangles) 

  1. Nami-juji-jime
  2. Gyaku-juji-jime
  3. Kata-juji-jime
  4. Hadaka-jime
  5. Okuri-eri-jime
  6. Kata-ha-jime
  7. Do-jime
  8. Sode-guruma-jime
  9. Kata-te-jime
  10. Ryo-te-jime
  11. Tsukkomi-jime
  12. Sankaku-jime

Kansetsu-waza (Joint Locks) 

  1. Ude-garami
  2. Ude-hishigi-juji-gatame
  3. Ude-hishigi-ude-gatame
  4. Ude-hishigi-hiza-gatame
  5. Ude-hishigi-waki-gatame
  6. Ude-hishigi-hara-gatame
  7. Ashi-garami
  8. Ude-hishigi-ashi-gatame
  9. Ude-hishigi-te-gatame
  10. Ude-hishigi-sankaku-gatame

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Qigong

Qigong: (more information coming soon)

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Instructor - Leadership Program

SBK Leadership - Instructor Program Roles & Responsibilities

Instructor Levels:

  • Associate Instructor
  • Instructor
  • Senior Instructor
  • Chief Instructor

  

ASSOCIATE INSTRUCTOR Level

(1st to 3rd Dan) 

Strategic Direction

  • Advise Instructors in establishing future direction for system, e.g. new skill areas, and potential alliances with other organizations 

System Standardization

  • Understand, demonstrate, and enforce performance categories and standards for the system 

Succession Planning 

  • Develop a succession plan/list for Intern to Associate Instructor 
  • Identify potential candidates for the Intern program
  • Approve candidates for the Intern program      

Mentorship

  • Provide instruction/coaching/mentorship for Interns 

Rank Examinations

  • Conduct rank exams for Kyu ranks
  • Assist rank exams for 1st and 2nd Dan
  • Approve rank awards for Kyu ranks

Seminars

  • Attend all system seminars
  • Assist Instructors in sessions at system seminars 

Teaching / Personal Development 

  • Complete Teaching Certification at the Associate Instructor level 
  • Develop and implement a plan for ongoing personal training/development 


  

INSTRUCTOR Level

(3rd to 5th Dan) 

Strategic Direction

  • Advise Senior Instructors (SI) in establishing future direction for system, e.g. new skill areas and potential alliances with other organizations 

System Standardization

  • Advise SI in establishing, documenting, and enforcing performance categories and standards for the system 

Succession Planning 

  • Develop a succession plan/list for Associate Instructor to Instructor 
  • Approve the succession plan/list for Intern to Associate Instructor 
  • Approve candidates for the Associate Instructor program

Mentorship

  • Provide instruction/coaching/mentorship for Associate Instructors

Rank Examinations

  • Conduct rank exams for 1st and 2nd Dan
  • Approve rank awards for Kyu to 2nd Dan ranks 

Seminars

  • Drive attendance at system seminars
  • Develop session content and teach at system seminars 

Teaching / Personal Development 

  • Complete Teaching Certification at the Instructor level
  • Develop and implement a plan for ongoing personal training/development


  

SENIOR INSTRUCTOR Level

(5th  Dan and Above) 

Strategic Direction

  • Advise Chief Instructor (CI) in establishing future direction for system, e.g. new skill areas, and potential alliances with other organizations 

System Standardization

  • Advise CI in establishing, documenting, and enforcing performance categories and standards for the system 

Succession Planning 

  • Develop a succession plan/list for Instructor to Senior Instructor 
  • Approve the succession plan/list for Associate Instructor to Instructor 
  • Approve candidates for the Instructor program

Mentorship

  • Provide instruction/coaching/mentorship for Instructors

Rank Examinations

  • Conduct rank exams for 3rd and 4th Dan
  • Approve rank awards for 1st to 3rd Dan 

Seminars

  • Drive attendance at system seminars
  • Develop session content and teach at system seminars 

Teaching Certification

  • Establish the curriculum for Teaching  Certification for Associate and Instructor Levels
  • Award certification at the Associate and Instructor levels

  

CHIEF INSTRUCTOR Level

(System Leader – 6th Dan and Above)

Strategic Direction

  • Establish future direction for the system
  • Establish alliances with other national/international martial arts organizations

System Standardization

  • Establish, document, and enforce the performance categories and standards for the system

Succession Planning 

  • Develop a succession plan/list for Senior Instructor to Chief Instructor
  • Approve the succession plan/list for Instructor to Senior Instructor
  • Approve candidates for the Senior Instructor program

Mentorship

  • Provide instruction/coaching/mentorship for Senior Instructors

Rank Examinations

  • Examine rank for ≥ 6th Dan
  • Approve rank awards for 1st to 6th Dan

Seminars

  • Plan and organize system seminars, e.g. annual conference, advanced training, etc.
  • Develop agenda and arrange instructors

Teaching Certification

  • Establish the curriculum for Teaching Certification for all Instructor levels
  • Award certification at the Senior Instructor level

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